Christopher
Stoll

Camera Collection

After having exclusively used digital cameras for a very long time, I recently switched back to using film. I started by restoring an old twin lens reflex camera camera. Since I work on intangible digital products for a living, I found repairing physical cameras to be a satisfying hobby. And, as happens with many things, since I recognized that vintage cameras exist, I have noticed them in more places. So, I have been picking up the cheap ones - ones that are clearly defective in some way. In most cases I have found that it only takes a little bit of work to make them operational again. Though it can definitely take a lot more work to make them reliable and fun to use again. These are all the cameras which I have worked with so far.

Year Make Model Film Lens
1934 Zeiss Ikon Ikoflex (Coffee Can)
(twin lens reflex)
120 80mm
ƒ/6.3 – ƒ/22
1/100, 1/50, 1/25, B, T
1937 Rollei Rolleiflex Automat
(twin lens reflex)
120 75mm
ƒ/3.5 – ƒ/22
1/500 – 1s, B
1953 Zeiss Ikon Ikoflex Ia
(twin lens reflex)
120 75mm
ƒ/3.5 – ƒ/22
1/300 – 1s, B
1954 Voigtländer Vito B
(scale focus)
135 50mm
ƒ/3.5 – ƒ/16
1/300 – 1s, B
1956 Argus C3
(rangefinder)
135 50mm
ƒ/3.5 – ƒ/16
1/300 – 1/10
1958 Fujica 35 Automagic
(scale focus)
135
Speeds:
10 – 200
38mm
ƒ/3.4 – ƒ/16
1/200 & 1/40
1958 Minolta Auto Wide
(scale focus)
135
Speeds:
10 – 1600
35mm
ƒ/2.8 – ƒ/22
1/500 – 1s, B
1960 Yashica Lynx 1000
(rangefinder)
135
Speeds:
10 – 800
45mm
ƒ/1.8 – ƒ/22
1/1000 – ?, B
1963 Minox B
(scale focus)
8x11
Speeds:
25 – 400
15mm
f/3.5
1/1000 – 1, B, T
1965 Bronica C
(single-lens reflex)
120 Bronica C/S/S2/EC mount
1/500 – 1, B
1965 Minolta 24 Rapid
(rangefinder)
135 (rapid)
Speeds:
25 – 400
32mm
ƒ/2.8 – ƒ/22
1/250 – 1/30, B
1965 Minolta Autopak 700
(rangefinder)
126
Speeds:
64 – 400
38mm
ƒ/2.8 – ƒ/22
1/250 – 1/30, B
1966 Minolta Hi-Matic 7s
(rangefinder)
135
Speeds:
25 – 800
45mm
ƒ/1.8 – ƒ/22
1/500 – 1/4, B
1966 Minolta Hi-Matic 9
(rangefinder)
135
Speeds:
25 – 800
45mm
ƒ/1.7 – ƒ/22
1/500 – 1s, B
1966 Yashica Electro 35
(rangefinder)
135
Speeds:
25 – 1000
45mm
ƒ/1.7 – ƒ/16
1/500 – 3s, B
1966 Yashica EZ-matic
(scale focus)
126
Speeds:
64 – 400
37mm
ƒ/2.7 – ƒ/16
fixed, B
1968 Kodak Instamatic 134
(point and shoot)
126
Speeds:
fixed / unknown
43mm
ƒ/11
1/50
1970 Yashica Electro 35 GS
(rangefinder)
135
Speeds:
25 – 1000
45mm
ƒ/1.7 – ƒ/16
1/500 – 3s, B
1975 Canon 110ED
(rangefinder)
110
Speeds:
80
26mm
ƒ/2 – ƒ/16
1/500 – 8s
1976 Rollei A110
(scale focus)
110
Speeds:
64-100, 320-500
23mm
ƒ/2.8 – ƒ/16
1/400 – 4s
1978 Bronica EC-II
(single-lens reflex)
120 Bronica C/S/S2/EC mount
1/1000 – 4s, B
1979 Agfa Optima 1535 Sensor
(rangefinder)
135
Speeds:
25 – 500
40mm
ƒ/2.8 – ƒ/22
1/1000 – 15s
1981 Olympus XA
(rangefinder)
135
Speeds:
25 – 800
35mm
ƒ/2.8 – ƒ/22
15000 – 10s
1983 Minolta CLE
(rangefinder)
135
Speeds:
25 – 1600
Leica M mount lenses
1/1000 – 1/2, B
1984 Minolta AF-Sv (Talker)
(viewfinder)
135
Speeds:
25 – 1000
35mm
ƒ/2.8 – ƒ/??
1/625 – 1/8
1984 Minox LX
(scale focus)
8x11
Speeds:
12 – 400
15mm
f/3.5
1/2000 – 1/30, Flash
1985 Minolta X-700
(single-lens reflex)
135
Speeds:
25 – 1600
Minolta SR/MC/MD mount
1/1000 – 1, B
1986 Minolta X-370
(single-lens reflex)
135
Speeds:
12 – 3200
Minolta SR/MC/MD mount
1/1000 – 1, B
1989 Canon Snappy AF
(viewfinder)
135
Speeds:
50 – 1600
35mm
ƒ/4.5 – ƒ/32
1/125 – 1/40
1995 Minolta Freedom Zoom 140EX
(viewfinder)
135
Speeds:
25 – 3200
38 – 140mm
ƒ/3.5:9.4 – ƒ/9.4
1/500 – 4s
2001 Canon PowerShot Pro90 IS
(through the lens)
CCD
Speeds:
50 – 400
37 – 370mm
ƒ/2.8:3.5 – ƒ/8
1/1000 – 8s
2003 Sony Cyber-shot DSC-P72
(through the lens)
CCD
Speeds:
100 – 400
39 – 117mm
ƒ/2.8:5.6 – ƒ/10
1/1000 – 2s
2005 Canon PowerShot S2 IS
(through the lens)
CCD
Speeds:
50 – 400
36 – 432mm
ƒ/2.7:3.5 – ƒ/8
1/3200 – 15s
2011 Canon EOS Rebel T3i
(single-lens reflex)
CMOS
Speeds:
100 – 6400
Canon EF-S mount
1/4000 – 30s, B

A quick note on the photos in these posts. The photos were selected to give an idea of how the camera performs under different conditions, not to demonstrate the photographer’s [lack of] ability making photographs. Given that the photographer is a slightly below average amateur, if the photos are pleasing then that is a testament to the camera. On the other hand, if the images are terrible it’s probably due to the photographer, but it could also be due to the camera. Most of the cameras are really old.

Since the intent it to showcase the cameras, no manual editing is done on the images, except for dust and watermark removal. The negatives are digitized using a light box and a T3i. Then, the digital images are inverted using a custom python script and the frame borders are cropped out. The images are optimized for the web prior to being uploaded, which can unfortunately degrade some of the images.

Light Meters

If you have old cameras then you’re also going to have a few old light meters. I have tested the meters I have against my dSLR and when used properly the selenium meters would all underexpose by at least a stop. So, I don’t use them, but if I did I would cut the ISO (ASA) on the meter in half. For example, when I have ISO 100 film in the camera I set the meter to ASA 50. This makes sense to me since according to the Wikipedia article on ASA film speeds, “an Ilford HP3 that had been rated at 200 ASA before 1960 was labeled 400 ASA afterwards without any change to the emulsion.” Conversely a modern 400 rated film would have been rated 200 prior to 1960. So the meter needs to use the old, halved number. I will further guess that even though ASA PH2.5-1960 was introduced in 1960, it probably took a while to take effect. Even if it were possible to determine the exact manufacture date of a particular light meter, it probably wouldn’t be clear exactly when a manufacturer may have implemented the new standard. It’s best to test an old meter before trusting it.

Year Model Type EV ISO ƒ-stops seconds
c1950 GE PR-1 selenium 7 – 17.5 0.2 – 1600 1 – 128 1/3000 – 120
c1962 Bewi Quick selenium 5 – 16 10 – 3200 1.4 – 22 1/1000 – 30
c1966 Sekonic
Micro-leader
CdS 3 – 18 6 – 12,800 1 – 32 1/2000 – 8
c1982 Gossen
Luna-Pro
SBC -5 – 24 0.8 – 100,000 0.7 – 128 1/4000 – 8 h